Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (glucose) that starts during pregnancy. Eating a balanced, healthy diet can help you manage gestational diabetes. The diet recommendations that follow are for women with gestational diabetes who do NOT take insulin. Medical nutrition therapy is first line treatment for GDM management.
Goals of management:
- Provide a nutritionally sound meal.
- Attain and maintain blood glucose levels in the normal range as far as possible
- To attain and maintain desirable weight · To maintain healthy levels of blood fat i.e.cholestrol and triglycerides.
- To reduce their risk of gestational diabetes in future pregnancies and the risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life.
- Food should be distributed equally throughout the day.
- Choose foods from all food groups in all major meals
- Choose foods high in fiber as it slows digestion and gives a feeling of satiety
- Total fat and saturated fat should be limited, some amount of fat is essential for important body functions and it also helps slow gastric emptying.
- Whole grains should be chosen over refined cereals like sooji, sago, white bread, maida.
- Whole dals have a very low GI index and should be included daily
- Avoid simple carbohydrates like sugar, honey maida, breads, juices etc
For the detailed diet chart specially designed to meet your daily nutritional requirement see a dietician