Anaemia is caused by too little haemoglobin (Hb) in the red blood cells. The Hb is usually tested as part of the ‘full blood count’ Hb carries oxygen and nutrients around the body and to the baby. Anaemia can make you feel very tired. If you are anemic, you will be offered iron supplements and advice on diet.
Blood Group & antibodies. This test tells us you blood group; whether your blood is Rhesus Positive (Rh +ve) or Negative (Rh -ve); and whether you have any antibodies. If you are Rh -ve, you will be offered blood tests to check for antibodies. If your baby has inherited the Rh+ve gene from the father, antibodies to the baby’s blood cells can develop in your blood. To prevent this, you will be advised to have ‘anti-D’ injections whenever there is a chance of blood cells from the baby spilling into your blood stream. it is recommended that Anti-D is given routinely to all Rh -ve mothers at 28 and 234 weeks of pregnancy.
Rubella (German Measles). Rubella infection early in pregnancy can damage your baby. A test is offered to check your immunity. Most women are protected by routine rubella vaccinations give in childhood, but if you are not immune, you will be advised to be immunised after the birth. Inform you midwife or GP if you develop a rash.
Hepatitis B is a virus which infects the liver, if you are a carrier of the virus or have become infected during pregnancy, you will be advised to have you baby immunised at birth to avoid infection.
Syphills is a sexually transmitted disease and can seriously damage your baby it left untreated. if detected, treatment can be offered with antibiotics to control the ifection and to help protect your baby.
HIV (Human immunodeficiency Virus) affects the body’s ability to fight infection. This test is important because any woman an be at risk. It can be passed on to your baby during pregnancy, at birth or through breast feeding, Treatment given in pregnancy can greatly reduce the risk of infection being passed from mother to child. A negative test does not affect past or future life assurance claims.
Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia are blood disorders that can be passed from the parent to child. You will be offered a blood test if you are living in an area with high occurrence of the disorder, or if there is an increased chance of you being a carrier without knowing. The positive results require the baby’s father to be tested .
additional test to check for infections which can cause damage to the developing baby, but rarely cause problems for the mother are also done . Inform you doctor if you develop any rashes or if you think you have been in contact with any of the following.
-Chicken pox can cause problems to the developing baby if caught before 20 week of pregnancy. it can also be passed to the newborn baby if caught within 10 days prior to the birth.
– Cytomegalovirus (CMV) prevention involves careful hygiene especially thorough washing of hands.
Parvovirus (slapped check syndrome) often causes a red rash on the face and is mostly seen in children. Toxoplasmosis is caused by an organism that is found in cat faces, so always wear gloves when gardening or changing cat litter. Also make sure that all food is washed an thoroughly cooked before it is eaten.
Chiamydia is a sexually transmitted infection which can result in pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. if you are under 25, you may be offered a simple test, either a vaginal swab or urine test. if possible, antibiotics will be offered to you and your partner.